Muscat, Oman

At A Glance

Location Southeastern edge of Arabian Peninsula at 21°N, 57°E
Neighbouring countries United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Yemen
Population 4.28 million (Oman National Centre for Statistics and Information, 2015)
Life expectancy Male: 74; female: 79 (WHO, 2013)
Capital Muscat 
Other main towns
Salalah, Suhar, As Suwayq, Ibri, Barka, Nizwa, Ar Rustaq, Sur
Status Monarchy
Sultan and head of state Qaboos bin Said (from 1970)
Ethnic divisions Arab, Baluchi, south Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, Bangladeshi) and Zanzibari
Languages Arabic (official), English (widely spoken)
Religion Predominantly Muslim: Sunni (50%), Ibadhi (45%), Shi’a (2%); other 3% (mainly Hindu, Christian and Buddhist).
Chief exports
Oil, liquid natural gas, organic chemicals, steel, aluminium, fertiliser, textiles and garments
GDP US$81.80 billion GDP at market prices (World Bank, 2014)
Currency Omani rial (OMR/RO); for up-to-date rates, go to
International telephone code +968
Time GMT+4
Electrical voltage 220–240v AC; British three-pin plugs widely used



All visitors except GCC nationals require visas. For visitors from 68 countries (including the UK and other EU countries, the USA, Canada, Australia and New Zealand), these can be easily purchased online at

Your passport should be valid for at least six months from the date of entry. 


Tipping is not mandatory in Oman, but here are some guidelines:

Taxis: round up to the next OMR
Bellhops: 1 OMR per bag
Restaurants: 10% service charge is usually included in the bill
Tour guides: 5 OMR per person per day
Bus drivers: 1 OMR per person per day


Oman is low-risk for tropical diseases.  There is no risk of yellow fever in Oman. However, the only compulsory vaccine for visitors is the yellow fever vaccine if you have been in an area where yellow fever is endemic, such as sub-Saharan Africa or South America, in the last six days. A valid certificate is then required, which is active ten days after vaccination and lasts for life. Since 11 July 2016, all countries have to accept that any certificate, no matter how long ago the vaccine was given, must be accepted.

Please consult the CDC site for information on vaccinations:

May Weather in Muscat

  •     Average Temperature 34°C / 93°F
  •     High Temperature 39°C / 102°F
  •     Low Temperature 29°C / 84°F
  •     Sunshine Hours  13 hrs
  •     Rainfall Rainfall 10 mm
  •     Rainfall days 0 days
  •     Sea Temperature  29°C / 84°F

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